This day in history

This Day in History

1492 – Believing he had reached the Indies, Christopher Columbus’ expedition arrived in the Bahamas. Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas, having been preceded by the Viking expedition led by Leif Erikson in the 11th century, but his voyages led to the first lasting European contact with the Americas, inaugurating a period of exploration, conquest, and colonization that lasted several centuries. These voyages thus had an enormous effect on the historical development of the modern Western world. He spearheaded the transatlantic slave trade and has been accused by several historians of initiating the genocide of the Hispaniola natives. Columbus himself saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of spreading the Christian religion. Columbus never admitted that he had reached a continent previously unknown to Europeans, rather than the East Indies for which he had set course. He called the inhabitants of the lands that he visited indios (Spanish for “Indians”). His strained relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America led to his arrest and dismissal as governor of the settlements on the island of Hispaniola in 1500, and later to protracted litigation over the benefits that he and his heirs claimed were owed to them by the crown.
1692 – The Salem Witch Trials are ended by a letter from Massachusetts Governor Sir William Phips.
1710 – Birthday of Jonathan Trumbull (d. 1785) at Lebanon, CT. American patriot, counselor and friend of George Washington, governor of Connecticut Colony.
1773 – The first insane asylum in the American Colonies, known as Eastern State Hospital, opened, in Williamsburg, VA.
1792 – The first celebration of Columbus Day was held, in NYC.
1802 – The first West Point graduates were Joseph Gardner Swift of Massachusetts and Simon Magruder Levy of Maryland, also the first graduate of the Jewish religion. They graduated as second lieutenants. They were the only students to graduate of the original class of 10, which consisted of 5 men from Massachusetts, and 1 each from Connecticut, Maryland, Missouri, New York and Virginia. Levy resigned from the army in 1805 because he contracted the measles, quite serious in its day. Swift was brevetted a brigadier general on November 11, 1813 for his heroism in the battle at Chrysler’s Field in Upper Canada. On February 19, 1814, he was promoted to brigadier general for her meritorious service in the defense of New York in the War of 1812. He became head of the Military Academy in 1816 and retired from the Army in 1818. He died in 1865.
1843 – The B’Nai B’rith (Sons of the Covenant) was founded in New York City by Henry Jones and 11 others.
1854 – Lincoln University of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was chartered in April 1854 as Ashmun Institute. Since its inception, Lincoln has attracted an interracial and international enrollment from the surrounding community, region, and around the world. Its alumni include: Langston Hughes, ’29, world-acclaimed poet; Thurgood Marshall, ’30, first African-American Justice of the US Supreme Court;
1882 – The first hotel to install electric lights was the Prospect House, Blue Mountain Lake, NY. In 1881, the electricity was installed, but the lights were not entirely dependable. In 1882, the Duke of Beranga and his party arrived after dark to celebrate Columbus Day. As they were shown to their rooms the lights went out, but after a slight delay the lights went on again. History records this event and states the name of the hotel was later changed to the Eutowana.
1892 – Commemorating the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ discovery of America, the Pledge of Allegiance was first recited by students in many US public schools. Originally composed by Rear Adm. George Balch in 1887, later revised by Francis Bellamy in 1892, it was formally adopted by Congress as the pledge in 1942. The official name of The Pledge of Allegiance was adopted in 1945. The last change in language came on Flag Day 1954 when the words “under God” were added.
1901 – President Theodore Roosevelt officially change the name of the Executive Mansion to The White House.
1911 – Birthday of Ann Petry (d. 1997), Old Saybrook, CT. U.S. journalist and novelist. She is best known work for “The Street,” a novel about a Harlem mother surrounded by inescapable violence and limitations.
1914 – Annette Abbott Adams became the first female U.S. federal prosecutor when she was sworn in an Attorney General in California.
http://www.law.stanford.edu/library/wlhbp/papers/aaahtml.html#lifetime
1918 – HERIOT, JAMES D., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company I, 118th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: At Vaux-Andigny, France, 12 October 1918. Entered service at: Providence, S.C. Birth: Providence, S.C. G.O. No.: 13, W.D., 1919. Citation: Cpl. Heriot, with 4 other soldiers, organized a combat group and attacked an enemy machine-gun nest which had been inflicting heavy casualties on his company. In the advance 2 of his men were killed, and because of the heavy fire from all sides the remaining 2 sought shelter. Unmindful of the hazard attached to his mission, Cpl. Heriot, with fixed bayonet, alone charged the machinegun, making his way through the fire for a distance of 30 yards and forcing the enemy to surrender. During this exploit he received several wounds in the arm, and later in the same day, while charging another nest, he was killed.
1918 – WOODFILL, SAMUEL, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 60th Infantry, 5th Division. Place and date: At Cunel, France, 12 October 1918. Entered service at: Bryantsburg, Ind. Birth: Jefferson County, Ind. G.O. No.: 16, W.D., 1919. Citation: While he was leading his company against the enemy, his line came under heavy machinegun fire, which threatened to hold up the advance. Followed by 2 soldiers at 25 yards, this officer went out ahead of his first line toward a machinegun nest and worked his way around its flank, leaving the 2 soldiers in front. When he got within 10 yards of the gun it ceased firing, and 4 of the enemy appeared, 3 of whom were shot by 1st Lt. Woodfill. The fourth, an officer, rushed at 1st Lt. Woodfill, who attempted to club the officer with his rifle. After a hand-to-hand struggle, 1st Lt. Woodfill killed the officer with his pistol. His company thereupon continued to advance, until shortly afterwards another machinegun nest was encountered. Calling on his men to follow, 1st Lt. Woodfill rushed ahead of his line in the face of heavy fire from the nest, and when several of the enemy appeared above the nest he shot them, capturing 3 other members of the crew and silencing the gun. A few minutes later this officer for the third time demonstrated conspicuous daring by charging another machinegun position, killing 5 men in one machinegun pit with his rifle. He then drew his revolver and started to jump into the pit, when 2 other gunners only a few yards away turned their gun on him. Failing to kill them with his revolver, he grabbed a pick lying nearby and killed both of them. Inspired by the exceptional courage displayed by this officer, his men pressed on to their objective under severe shell and machinegun fire.
1918 – Forest fires ravaged parts of Minnesota from the Duluth area northeastward, claiming the lives of 600 persons. Smoke with a smell of burnt wood spread to Albany, NY and Washington, D.C. in 24 hours. Smoke was noted at Charleston, SC on the 14th, and by the 15th was reported in northeastern Texas.
1920 – Construction of the Holland Tunnel got underway. The tunnel would provide a direct link between Twelfth Street in Jersey City, NJ and Canal Street in New York City. The tunnel has two tubes more than 8,000 feet (2,400 meters) long. It opened to traffic on November 13, 1927. Oh, and one more thing: The Holland Tunnel was named for Clifford Milburn Holland (1883-1924), the civil engineer who died while directing the tunnel’s construction.
1922 – Col. Jacob Ruppert agreed to buy-out his partner Col. Tillinghast L’Hommedieu Huston, thereby gaining full control of the New York Yankees.
1923 – In front of the largest crowd in baseball history, 62,430 fans are on hand to see Casey Stengel hit his second home run of the Series. The round-tripper proves to be the difference as Giants hurler Art Neff outduels Sam Jones and the Bronx Bombers in Game 3 of the Fall Classic, 1-0.
1930 – Among several rule changes, the Rules Committee of Major League Baseball abolished the sacrifice rule and the rule awarding a home runs when the ball bounces into the stands. “Bounce homers” will now be doubles. This had already been in effect in the American league but not the National League.
1932 – Comedian, social activist, social critic, writer Dick Gregory, born Richard Claxton Gregory, in St. Louis, Missouri. Dick Gregory’s first TV appearance was on the “Tonight Show” with Jack Paar. He soon began appearing nationally and on television and his 1964 autobiography, “Nigger,” has sold ten million copies. At the same time, he became more involved in struggles for civil rights, activism against the Vietnam War, economic reform, anti-drug issues, conspiracy theories, and become more political than a stand-up comedian.
http://www.hermenaut.com/a52.shtml
http://www.math.buffalo.edu/~sww/gregory/gregory_dick.html
1933 – Reeling from the impact of the Great Depression on attendance and his finances, Philadelphia Athletics owner Connie Mack continued the sell-off of major stars of the team, even after winning back-to-back World Series. First to go was Lefty Grove, the A’s top winner in each of the past five seasons, along with Max bishop and George Walberg. Then catcher Mickey Cochrane and George Earnshaw in what is known in Philadelphia as Black Tuesday.
1935 – Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti (d. 2007) was born in Modeno, Italy. An operatic tenor who also crossed over into popular music, he eventually became one of the most commercially successful tenors of all time. He made numerous recordings of complete operas and individual arias, gaining worldwide fame for the quality of his tone, and eventually established himself as one of the finest tenors of the 20th century.
1937 – The longest-running detective show on radio debuted. “Mr. Keen, Tracer of Lost Persons” lasted until 1955. Three different actors played the title role, Bennett Kilpack was Mr. Keen the longest, and Arthur Hughes saw the final show.
1939 – Pianist Mary Lou Williams records “Little Joe from Chicago.”
1942 – SCOTT, NORMAN, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. Born: 10 August 1889, Indianapolis, Ind. Appointed from: Indiana. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty during action against enemy Japanese forces off Savo Island on the night of 11-12 October and again on the night of 12-13 November 1942. In the earlier action, intercepting a Japanese Task Force intent upon storming our island positions and landing reinforcements at Guadalcanal, Rear Adm. Scott, with courageous skill and superb coordination of the units under his command, destroyed 8 hostile vessels and put the others to flight. Again challenged, a month later, by the return of a stubborn and persistent foe, he led his force into a desperate battle against tremendous odds, directing close-range operations against the invading enemy until he himself was killed in the furious bombardment by their superior firepower. On each of these occasions his dauntless initiative, inspiring leadership and judicious foresight in a crisis of grave responsibility contributed decisively to the rout of a powerful invasion fleet and to the consequent frustration of a formidable Japanese offensive. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
1942 – WEST, ERNEST E., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company L, 14th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Sataeri, Korea, 12 October 1952. Entered service at: Wurtland Ky. Born: 2 September 1931, Russell, Ky. G.O. No.: 7, 29 January i954. Citation: Pfc. West distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. He voluntarily accompanied a contingent to locate and destroy a reported enemy outpost. Nearing the objective, the patrol was ambushed and suffered numerous casualties. Observing his wounded leader lying in an exposed position, Pfc. West ordered the troops to withdraw, then braved intense fire to reach and assist him. While attempting evacuation, he was attacked by 3 hostile soldiers employing grenades and small-arms fire. Quickly shifting his body to shelter the officer, he killed the assailants with his rifle, then carried the helpless man to safety. He was critically wounded and lost an eye in this action. but courageously returned through withering fire and bursting shells to assist the wounded. While evacuating 2 comrades, he closed with and killed 3 more of the foe. Pfc. West’s indomitable spirit, consummate valor, and intrepid actions inspired all who observed him, reflect the highest credit on himself, and uphold the honored traditions of the military service.
1944 – Frank Sinatra made his triumphant return to the famed Paramount Theatre in Times Square (he had played there for eight weeks starting on December 30, 1942). In what was called the ‘Columbus Day Riot,’ 25,000 teenagers, mostly young women, blocked the streets, screaming and swooning for Frankie. Sinatra later explained, “It was the war years, and there was a great loneliness. And I was the boy in every corner drug store … who’d gone off, drafted to the war. That was all.”
1944 – Top Hits
“I’ll Walk Alone” – Dinah Shore
“Is You Is or is You Ain’t” – Bing Crosby & The Andrews Sisters
“Together” – Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes
“Smoke on the Water” – Red Foley
1944 – PENDLETON, JACK J., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 120th Infantry, 30th Infantry Division. Place and date: Bardenberg, Germany, 12 October 1944. Entered service at: Yakima, Wash. Birth: Sentinel Butte, N. Dak. G.O. No.: 24, 6 April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 12 October 1944. When Company I was advancing on the town of Bardenberg, Germany, they reached a point approximately two-thirds of the distance through the town when they were pinned down by fire from a nest of enemy machineguns. This enemy strong point was protected by a lone machinegun strategically placed at an intersection and firing down a street which offered little or no cover or concealment for the advancing troops. The elimination of this protecting machinegun was imperative in order that the stronger position it protected could be neutralized. After repeated and unsuccessful attempts had been made to knock out this position, S/Sgt. Pendleton volunteered to lead his squad in an attempt to neutralize this strongpoint. S/Sgt. Pendleton started his squad slowly forward, crawling about 10 yards in front of his men in the advance toward the enemy gun. After advancing approximately 130 yards under the withering fire, S/Sgt. Pendleton was seriously wounded in the leg by a burst from the gun he was assaulting. Disregarding his grievous wound, he ordered his men to remain where they were, and with a supply of hand grenades he slowly and painfully worked his way forward alone. With no hope of surviving the veritable hail of machinegun fire which he deliberately drew onto himself, he succeeded in advancing to within 10 yards of the enemy position when he was instantly killed by a burst from the enemy gun. By deliberately diverting the attention of the enemy machine gunners upon himself, a second squad was able to advance, undetected, and with the help of S/Sgt. Pendleton’s squad, neutralized the lone machinegun, while another platoon of his company advanced up the intersecting street and knocked out the machinegun nest which the first gun had been covering. S/Sgt. Pendleton’s sacrifice enabled the entire company to continue the advance and complete their mission at a critical phase of the action.
1945 – Desmond Doss became the first conscientious objector to be awarded the Medal of Honor. He served as a combat medic with an infantry company in World War II. He distinguished himself in the Battle of Okinawa for actions above and beyond the call of duty, aiding wounded soldiers under fire. He saved the lives of 75 wounded infantrymen atop the area known by the 96th Division as the Maeda Escarpment or Hacksaw Ridge. Doss was wounded four times in Okinawa and was evacuated on May 21, 1945. He is also the only conscientious objector to receive the medal during World War II.
1950 – Verve Records cuts “Getz Meets Mulligan” in HiFi.
1950 – The Kefauver Crime Commission convened in New York to investigate interstate organized crime. TV was there the following year, showing Frank Costello’s hands for a long, long time on screen. Mr. Costello told Senator Estes Kefauver’s committee that he would refuse to testify on TV if his face was shown. So, viewers were shown his hands instead.
1950 – “The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show” premiered. The comedic husband and wife duo of George Burns and Gracie Allen starred as themselves in this comedy series in which Burns was the straight man and Allen was known for her “ditziness.” The show employed the technique of speaking directly to the camera (“breaking the fourth wall”); Burns often commented on the plot, told jokes or tried to make sense of Allen’s actions and statements. Also on the show were their real-life son, Ronnie Burns, Hal March, John Brown (until blacklisted by McCarthyites in the “red scare”), Fred Clark, Larry Keating, Bill Goodwin and Harry von Zell. The show was done live for the first two seasons and included vaudeville scenes at the end of each episode.
1952 – Top Hits
“You Belong to Me” – Jo Stafford
“Wish You Were Here” – Eddie Fisher
“Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” – Jo Stafford
“Jambalaya (On the Bayou)” – Hank Williams
1953 – “The Bob Hope Show” premiered on TV. This was a monthly television show and sometimes every other week. During the first season, he hosted “The Colgate Comedy Hour,” and during the later seasons his show was seen replacing and then alternating with Milton Berle (and in 1955-56 with Martha Raye and Dinah Shore). Leo Robin and Ralph Rainger wrote Hope’s trademark show-closing song, “Thanks for the Memory.”
1954 – Although a group comes forward to keep the team in Philadelphia, the American League owners approve the sale of the A’s to Arnold Johnson, a Chicago business man, who will shift the team to Kansas City next season. The last minute-deal to keep the franchise in the ‘City of Brotherly Love’ includes future owner, Charlie O. Finley, who will buy the team after it goes to KC and then will move it to Oakland in 1968.
1955 – The Chrysler Corporation introduces high fidelity record players for their 1956 line-up of cars. The unit measured about four inches high and less than a foot wide and mounted under the instrument panel. The seven inch discs spun at 16 2/3 rpm and required almost three times the number of grooves per inch as an LP. A set of 35 classical recordings were available that provided between 45 and 60 minutes of uninterrupted music. The players would be discontinued in 1961.
1956 – A motion picture called “Don’t Knock the Rock,” featuring Little Richard and Bill Haley and His Comets, opens in US theatres. The movie tells the story of a disc jockey, Alan Freed, who tries to prove to teenagers’ parents that Rock ‘n’ Roll is harmless and won’t turn their kids into juvenile delinquents.
1960 – Top Hits
“Mr. Custer” – Larry Verne
“Chain Gang” – Sam Cooke
“Save the Last Dance for Me” – The Drifters
“Alabam” – Cowboy Copas
1961 – The first video memoirs to be created by a United States president were made when CBS showed a three-hour discussion with former President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Reportedly, 11 hours of film were taken, but were later edited down to the final print. Walter Cronkite was the interviewer.
1962 – The “Columbus Day Big Blow” occurred in the Pacific Northwest. It was probably the most damaging windstorm of record west of the Cascade Mountains. Winds reached hurricane force, with gusts above 100 mph. More than 3.5 billion board feet of timber were blown down, and communications were severely disrupted due to downed power lines. The storm claimed 48 lives, and caused $210 million damage.
1963 – In the first and final Hispanic American Major League all-star game‚ the National League beats their AL rivals, 5-2. With future Hall of Famers Roberto Clemente‚ Orlando Cepeda‚ Juan Marichal, and Luis Aparicio looking on‚ Twins first baseman Vic Power, a native of Puerto Rico, receives the award as the number-one Latin American player during a pregame ceremony at the Polo Grounds.
1963 – “Sugar Shack” by Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs hit the top of the Billboard Hot 100. It would go on to be the best selling single of the year.
1967 – The St. Louis Cardinals beat the Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in the World Series. A few stats worth remembering: In 27 innings, Bob Gibson allowed three runs and 14 hits to notch St. Louis’ eighth title. Although he and Boston’s Jim Lonborg pitched spectacularly, the series tied the record for most pitchers used (20). St. Louis’ Lou Brock collected 12 hits for a .414 average and a Series-record seven stolen bases. He also tied a Series mark with eight runs. Roger Maris batted .385, collecting ten hits. Julian Javier batted .360. Boston’s Carl Yastrzemski batted .400 with three homers. Dalton Jones batted .389.
1967 – PERKINS, WILLIAM THOMAS, JR., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company C, 1st Battalion, 1st Marines, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Quang Tri Province, Republic of Vietnam, 12 October 1967. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Born: 10 August 1947, Rochester, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a combat photographer attached to Company C. During Operation MEDINA, a major reconnaissance in force southwest of Quang Tri, Company C made heavy combat contact with a numerically superior North Vietnamese Army force estimated at from 2 to 3 companies. The focal point of the intense fighting was a helicopter landing zone which was also serving as the Command Post of Company C. In the course of a strong hostile attack, an enemy grenade landed in the immediate area occupied by Cpl. Perkins and 3 other marines. Realizing the inherent danger, he shouted the warning, “Incoming Grenade” to his fellow marines, and in a valiant act of heroism, hurled himself upon the grenade absorbing the impact of the explosion with his body, thereby saving the lives of his comrades at the cost of his life. Through his exceptional courage and inspiring valor in the face of certain death, Cpl. Perkins reflected great credit upon himself and the Marine Corps and upheld the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
1968 – Top Hits
“Hey Jude” – The Beatles
“Fire” – The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
“Little Green Apples” – O.C. Smith
“Harper Valley P.T.A.” – Jeannie C. Riley
1968 – “Cheap Thrills,” the album by Big Brother and the Holding Company, started an eight-week run as number one in the U.S. It was the first and only album (for a major label) Janis Joplin made with Big Brother and the Holding Company. The album’s tracks: “Combination of the Two,” “I Need a Man to Love,” “Summertime,” “Piece of My Heart,” “Turtle Blues,” “Oh, Sweet Mary,” “Ball and Chain.”
1968 – The games of the XIX Olympiad were opened in Mexico City by Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz. Norma Enriqueta Basilio de Sotelo became first woman to light the Olympic flame. The high-altitude (2,240 meters or 7,573 feet above sea level) and polluted air in Mexico City, put the athletes to a real test. Black Americans Tommie Smith and John Carlos gave the black power salute during the national anthem as a protest against racism in the U.S. They were expelled from the Olympic Village and thrown off the team by the USOC.
1968 – In San Francisco, GI’s and Vets marched for peace from Golden Gate Park to Civic Center.
1970 – The musical “Jesus Christ Superstar,” already a huge stage hit in the UK and on LP, opens on Broadway at the Mark Hellinger Theatre. Some folks weren’t pleased because of the controversial content of the musical. Before the show opened, some 2.5 million copies of the album were sold to the curious. The Tim Rice/Andrew Lloyd Weber collaboration would become a big hit. “Jesus Christ Superstar” would run on Broadway for 720 shows and spawn several hit songs, including “I Don’t Know How to Love Him” (Helen Reddy) and the title song, “Jesus Christ Superstar” (Murray Head).
1971 – It was a blessing in disguise when Rick Nelson played the seventh annual Rock ‘n’ Roll Revival Show in New York. He thought he was being booed for not playing his old hits and came away with the inspiration to write what would be his last Top Ten hit, “Garden Party,” which would climb to number six in 1972. It was later revealed that the crowd was booing some trouble makers who had started a fight and were being escorted out of the building. “…if you gotta play a garden party, I wish you a lotta luck…if memories are all I sing, I’d rather drive a truck…”
1972 – The movie “Lady Sings The Blues,” a musical biopic of singer Billie Holiday that launches the movie career of star Diana Ross, opens in New York.
1973 – Elton John is awarded a Gold record for his two disc set, “Goodbye Yellow Brick Road”, his third straight number one album.
1974 – Olivia Newton-John’s LP “If You Love Me, Let Me Know,” hits #1
1976 – Top Hits
“A Fifth of Beethoven” – Walter Murphy & The Big Apple Band
“Lowdown” – Boz Scaggs
“Disco Duck” (Part 1) – Rick Dees & His Cast of Idiots
“The Games That Daddies Play” – Conway Twitty
1977 – Debbie Boone’s first single, “You Light Up My Life” reaches #1 on the Billboard Pop chart, where it will stay for 10 weeks. It would go on to win a Grammy Award for Best Song and 21-year-old Debbie is named Best New Artist. The record only made it to #48 in the UK. In the 1980s, she focused on Country music, resulting in the #1 hit, “Are You on the Road to Lovin’ Me Again.” She later recorded Christian music, which garnered her four Top 10 Contemporary Christian albums as well as two more Grammys. She is the daughter of early rock ‘n’ roller, Pat Boone.
1979 – “Siskel & Ebert” première as “Sneak Previews” with film critics Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert, who originally got their start on public television in Chicago in 1975. In 1978, it went national on PBS. In 1981, the program moved to network TV and the name was changed to “At the Movies.” After Siskel’s death in 1999, rotating panel of critics joined Ebert and, in 2000, journalist Richard Roeper was named the permanent co-host. The title was then changed to “Ebert & Roeper and the Movies.”
1979 – After an All-American career at Indiana State, forward Larry Bird made his professional debut with the Boston Celtics. He scored 14 points and had five assists in 28 minutes and the Celtics beat the Houston Rockets, 114-108. Bird soon proved his ability to shoot, pass and rebound. He led the Celtics to 32 more victories than they had the previous season and won the league’s Rookie of the Year Award.
1981 – Barbara Mandrell walked away with the Country Music Association’s Entertainer of the Year honor for the second year in a row.
1983 – Genesis’ self-titled LP became their third consecutive number one album in the UK. It included the single “Mama,” the band’s biggest commercial UK success, which reached #4, but was less popular in the US where it climbed to #73.
1984 – Top Hits
“Let’s Go Crazy” – Prince & The Revolution
“I Just Called to Say I Love You” – Stevie Wonder
“Hard Habit to Break” – Chicago
“Everyday” – The Oak Ridge Boys
1986 – The California Angels are one strike away from the World Series, when Dave Henderson, who had earlier watched Bobby Grich’s fly ball bounce over the center field fence off the heel of his glove giving California the lead, hits a two-run homer off of Donnie Moore to put the Red Sox ahead, 6-5. California will tie the game in the bottom of the frame, but Boston will prevail scoring the deciding run in the 11th inning on a Henderson sac fly.
1991 – Mariah Carey breaks the Jackson 5’s record of four straight number one hits when “Emotions” becomes the fifth of her first five singles to reach the top of the Billboard chart. In April, 2008, she would pass Elvis Presley’s record when she achieved her 18th Billboard chart topper, second only to The Beatles 20.
1992 – Washington wide receiver Art Monk becomes the NFL’s all-time leading receiver when he makes his 820th career reception in a 34-3 victory over the Broncos.
1996 – Though they’ve refused to release it on video for 27 years, largely due to dissatisfaction over their own performance, the Rolling Stones finally release their landmark 1968 all-star BBC television special, “The Rolling Stones’ Rock And Roll Circus.”
1997 – Singer/songwriter John Denver, piloting an experimental, amateur- built Long-EZ airplane, crashed into Monterey Bay, California. Witnesses said the plane, made of fiberglass with a single engine and two seats, was flying about at about 500 feet “when it just sort of dropped unexpectedly into the ocean. When it hit the water, it broke into numerous parts.” Denver, age 53 and the only occupant of the plane, was killed.
1999 – According to the United Nations, the population of the world reached six billion on this date. More than one-third of the world’s people live in China and India. It wasn’t until 1804 that the world’s population reached one billion; now a billion people are added to the population about every 12 years.
2000 – A US Navy destroyer, the USS Cole, refueling in Yemen suffered an enormous explosion in a terrorist attack. Initial reports had at least 6 sailors killed with 11 missing. The death toll was revised to 17.
2003 – Thirty-five years after an anthem dispute, Jose Feliciano sings the Star-Spangled Banner at the Marlins’ NLCS game against the Cubs at Pro Player Stadium. During Game 5 of the 1968 World Series played in Detroit, his nontraditional gospelized rendition of the song at Tiger Stadium caused such flap that some radio stations stopped playing the blind singer’s records on the air.

2009 – The Chicago Cubs file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in Wilmington Delaware. The anticipated short-term move will allow the club’s owner, the Tribune Company, to sell the team in an $845 million deal to the family of TD Ameritrade Holding Corp.’s founder, Joe Ricketts.
2011 – The ‘underwear bomber’, Nigerian Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, pleads guilty to attempting to blow up an airplane on Christmas, 2009.
2011 – The U.S. has its deadliest foodborne illness outbreak in 25 years; the listeriosis outbreak totals 23 dead, with 116 affected.

World Series Champions:
1907 – Chicago Cubs
1916 – Boston Red Sox
1920 – Cleveland Indians
1967 – St. Louis Cardinals

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