This Day in American History

This Day in American History

1675 – Catholic holy orders were conferred by Gabriel Diaz Vara Calderon, Bishop of Santiago de Cuba, on a visit to St. Augustine, FL. Minor orders were conferred on seven candidates.
http://www.tfn.net/~mpna/prehistory.htm
http://www.oah.org/pubs/magazine/spanishfrontier/cowdrey-document.html
http://www.oah.org/pubs/magazine/spanishfrontier/mcewan.html
http://www.xxicentury.org/HCA/Tutorial/Tutorial_3.html
(see age of missions: )
http://www.vernonjohns.org/nonracists/jxfoundr.html
http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bdiazv.html
http://drbronsontours.com/staugustinetimeline.htm
1676 – The first court-martial in a colony was held in Newport, RI by Governor Walter Clarke, Deputy Governor John Crayton and their assistant, Edmund Calvary, who was the attorney general. Quanpen, a Native American sachem, also known as Sowagonish, was found guilty of participation in King Philip’s War against the colonists and was ordered shot on August 26. Others who had participated in the war were sentenced to various penalties.
1682 – The Duke of York awarded Englishman William Penn the three “lower counties” in the American colonies which later became the state of Delaware.
(Lower half of: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/aug24.html )
http://www.williampenn.org/
1718 – New Orleans was founded by French settlers from Canada and France. The Canadians generally brought their wives and families with them. French officers, however, usually younger sons of nobility, refused to marry below their rank, inspiring the plea of one of the early governors to France: “Send me wives for my Canadians, they are running in the woods after Indian girls.” Thus Cajuns were born. By the way, Creole meant “native” born in Louisiana and has nothing to do with race. Cajun is an aberration of Acadian, from whence in Canada they came.
http://www.cajunculture.com/
1781 – A small force of Pennsylvania militia was ambushed and overwhelmed by an American Indian group, which forced George Rogers Clark to abandon his attempt to attack Detroit.
1814 – British forces invaded and raided Washington, DC for two days, burning the Capital, the president’s house and most other public buildings. President James Madison and other high US government officials fled to safety until British troops (not knowing the strength of their position as military is in disarray) departed the city two days later. They set the fires in retaliation for the American burning of the parliament building in York (Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada.
1851 – The San Francisco Committee of Vigilance broke down the jailhouse doors, kidnapped the prisoners, and hanged Whittaker and McKenzie from the second story of the Committee’s rooms. Sam Brannan addressed the crowd after the hangings.
1853 – First potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum, Saratoga Springs, NY. Crum was a Native American/African-American chef at the Moon Lake Lodge resort in Saratoga Springs, New York, USA. French fries were popular at the restaurant and one day a diner complained that the fries were too thick. Although Crum made a thinner batch, the customer was sill unsatisfied. Crum finally made fries that were too thin to eat with a fork, hoping to annoy the extremely fussy customer. The customer, surprisingly enough, was happy – and potato chips were invented! Crum’s chips were originally called Saratoga Chips and potato crunches. They were soon packaged and sold in New England. Crum later opened his own restaurant. William Tappendon manufactured and marketed the chips in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1895. In the 1920s, the salesman Herman Lay sold potato chips to the southern USA (selling the chips from the trunk of his car). In 1926, Laura Scudder (who owned a potato chip factory in Monterey Park, California) invented a wax paper potato chip bag to keep the chips fresh and crunchy, making potato chips even more popular.
http://www.history.rochester.edu/Scientific_American/mystery/crum.htm
http://home.howstuffworks.com/question579.htm
1857 – The Panic of 1857 hit the United States, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in United States history. Caused by the declining international economy, over-expansion of the domestic economy, and because of the interconnectedness of the world economy by the 1850s, the financial crisis that began in late 1857 was the first world-wide economic crisis. The sinking of the SS Central America contributed to the panic as New York banks were awaiting a much-needed shipment of gold. American banks did not recover until after the Civil War. After the failure of Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company, the financial panic quickly spread as businesses began to fail, the railroad industry experienced financial declines and hundreds of workers were laid off.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/aug24.html
1858 – The Richmond Daily Dispatch reported 90 blacks were arrested for learning.
1862 – The C.S.S. Alabama was commissioned at sea off Portugal’s Azore Islands, beginning a career that would see over 60 Union merchant vessels sunk or destroyed by the Confederate raider. The ship was built in secret in the in Liverpool shipyards, and a diplomatic crisis between the US government and Britain ensued when the Union uncovered the ship’s birth place.
1869 – Cornelius Swarthout of Troy, NY, was issued a patent for a “waffle iron.”
1887 – Harry Hooper (1887-1974) was born in Bell Station, CA. Hooper played most of his 17 years with the Boston Red Sox and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971. With Duffy Lewis and Tris Speaker, they formed what many believe to be the greatest outfield in MLB history.
1891 – Thomas Edison patented the motion picture camera
1893 – Fire in the south of Chicago left 5,000 people homeless.
1895 – Birthday of Carol Weiss King (1895-1952), attorney who specialized in outstanding legal briefs. Primarily a researcher, her briefs were argued by other attorneys before the U.S. Supreme Court in at least a dozen major cases that changed immigration laws and deportation regulations as well as the civil rights of those accused of criminal acts, such as the right of a fair trial before a fair jury in one of the Scottsboro Boys appeals.
1904 – Wee Willie Keeler of the New York Highlanders hit two inside-the-park HRs, helping defeat the St. Louis Browns, 9-1 at Hilltop Park in New York.
1906 – A cloudburst deluged Guinea, VA, with more than nine inches of rain in just forty minutes.
1907 – Christy Mathewson pitched for the third day in a row, beating the Pirates, 7-4, allowing just one hit over the last six innings.
1908 – The New York Giants played a doubleheader, sweeping the Pirates. In what many believe to be among the first electronic transmissions of a Major League game, the doubleheader was watched in New York on electric diamonds known as “Compton’s Baseball Bulletin” at Madison Square Garden and the Gotham Theatre. Bulletins displayed all remaining games.
1909 – Sax player Paul Webster (1909-66) birthday in Kansas City, MO. Jazz Trumpeter in Jimmy Lunceford’s orchestra 1935-43 and with Cab Calloway 1944-52.
1912 – Parcel post service was authorized. Previously the weight limit of mail had been four pounds. The rates of the parcel post service depended upon the weight of the package and the distance traveled. This was a boon to mail order catalogues and to people living in the rural areas.
1912 – New York City threw one of its famed ticker tape parades to honor US Olympians from the 1912 Olympics, among them Jim Thorpe.
1912 – Alaska became an organized territory of the US.
1916 – 21 year-old Babe Ruth fired his 7th shutout of the season, a three-hitter that beat the Tigers.
1925 – Birthday of pianist Louis Teicher (1924-2008) composer of Ferrante and Teicher fame, in Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
1932 – Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the U.S. non-stop, from Los Angeles to Newark.
1932 – Charles H. Calhoun, Sr. and Jr., at the third hole of the Washington Golf Club, Washington, GA, while playing with a foursome, both shot a hole in one.
1936 – President Franklin Roosevelt authorized the FBI to pursue fascists and communists.
1938 – Virgil Trucks, future Major Leaguer, pitching for Andalusia of the Alabama-Florida League, struck out his 418th batter for the season, the record for organized baseball in the 20th century.
1939 – Louis “Lepke” Buchalter, leader of Murder, Incorporated, turned himself in to New York City columnist Walter Winchell, who turned the underworld leader in to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.
1943 – No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: “In the Blue of the Evening,” Tommy Dorsey Orchestra/Frank Sinatra.
1944 – Germany’s Army by now has sustained 400,000 men killed, wounded or captured, plus 1,300 tanks, 1,500 artillery, and 3,500 aircraft destroyed.
1945 – BACON, NICKY DANIEL, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 4th Battalion, 21st Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade, Americal Division. Place and date: West of Tam KY, Republic of Vietnam, 26 August 1968. Entered service at: Phoenix, Ariz. Born: 25 November 1945, Caraway, Ark. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. S/Sgt. Bacon distinguished himself while serving as a squad leader with the 1st Platoon, Company B, during an operation west of Tam Ky. When Company B came under fire from an enemy bunker line to the front, S/Sgt. Bacon quickly organized his men and led them forward in an assault. He advanced on a hostile bunker and destroyed it with grenades. As he did so, several fellow soldiers including the 1st Platoon leader, were struck by machine gun fire and fell wounded in an exposed position forward of the rest of the platoon. S/Sgt. Bacon immediately assumed command of the platoon and assaulted the hostile gun position, finally killing the enemy gun crew in a single-handed effort. When the 3d Platoon moved to S/Sgt. Bacon’s location, its leader was also wounded. Without hesitation S/Sgt. Bacon took charge of the additional platoon and continued the fight. In the ensuing action he personally killed 4 more enemy soldiers and silenced an antitank weapon. Under his leadership and example, the members of both platoons accepted his authority without question. Continuing to ignore the intense hostile fire, he climbed up on the exposed deck of a tank and directed fire into the enemy position while several wounded men were evacuated. As a result of S/Sgt. Bacon’s extraordinary efforts, his company was able to move forward, eliminate the enemy positions, and rescue the men trapped to the front. S/Sgt. Bacon’s bravery at the risk of his life was in the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
1945 – Returning from combat in World War II, Cleveland’s Bob Feller attracted a home crowd of 46,477, who watched him strike out 12 and yield only four hits in a 4-2 win over Detroit’s ‘Prince’ Hal Newhouser. He will get nine starts during the remainder of the year, and his five wins will include a one-hitter and two 4-hitters. With the war now over, fans are clamoring for entertainment and it is clear Feller is still baseball’s number one ticket seller.
1947 – Margaret Truman, daughter of U.S. President Harry S Truman, presented her first public concert. Margaret sang before 15,000 people at the Hollywood Bowl. The concert did not get great reviews. In fact, the critics didn’t like Margaret’s singing at all. And Margaret’s dad didn’t like the critics, and said so, from the White House.
1949 – Birthday of American composer Stephen Paulus (1949-2014) in Summit, NJ.
http://profile.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=
user.viewprofile&friendid=122300973
1949 – NATO was organized.
1950 – President Harry Truman orders the Army to take over the railroads to stop a possible strike.
1950 – Edith Spurlock Sampson (1898-1979), the first African-American delegate to the United Nations when she was appointed alternate delegate to the fifth General Assembly. Her first assignment, on September 28, 1950, was to the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee.
http://www.aaregistry.com/african_american_history/399/
Edith_Sampson_was_a_steel_city_judge
1950 – HANDRICH, MELVIN O., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 5th Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Near Sobuk San Mountain, Korea, 25 and 26 August 1950. Entered service at: Manawa, Wis. Born: 26 January 1919, Manawa, Wis. G.O. No.: 60, 2 August 1951. Citation: M/Sgt. Handrich, Company C, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. His company was engaged in repulsing an estimated 150 enemy who were threatening to overrun its position. Near midnight on 25 August, a hostile group over 100 strong attempted to infiltrate the company perimeter. M/Sgt. Handrich, despite the heavy enemy fire, voluntarily left the comparative safety of the defensive area and moved to a forward position where he could direct mortar and artillery fire upon the advancing enemy. He remained at this post for 8 hours directing fire against the enemy who often approached to within 50 feet of his position. Again, on the morning of 26 August, another strong hostile force made an attempt to overrun the company’s position. With complete disregard for his safety, M/Sgt. Handrich rose to his feet and from this exposed position fired his rifle and directed mortar and artillery fire on the attackers. At the peak of this action he observed elements of his company preparing to withdraw. He perilously made his way across fire-swept terrain to the defense area where, by example and forceful leadership, he reorganized the men to continue the fight. During the action M/Sgt. Handrich was severely wounded. Refusing to take cover or be evacuated, he returned to his forward position and continued to direct the company’s fire. Later a determined enemy attack overran M/Sgt. Handrich’s position and he was mortally wounded. When the position was retaken, over 70 enemy dead were counted in the area he had so intrepidly defended. M/Sgt. Handrich’s sustained personal bravery, consummate courage, and gallant self-sacrifice reflect untold glory upon himself and the heroic traditions of the military service.
1951 – Top Hits
“Too Young” – Nat King Cole
“Because of You” – Tony Bennett
“My Truly, Truly Fair” – Guy Mitchell
“Hey, Good Lookin’” – Hank Williams
1951 – St. Louis Browns owner Bill Veeck, one of baseball’s greatest showmen, allowed fans attending a game against the Philadelphia Athletics to participate in the strategy decisions normally made by the team’s manager. More than 1,000 fans were given cards reading ”YES” and “NO” and were asked to vote on what the Browns should do at various points in the game. It worked; St. Louis won, 5-3. With iPads, Andriods, and Wi-Fi, guess what Bill Veeck could do today.
1951 – Returning from a demotion to the minors due to a severe lack of hitting, Mickey Mantle made his first appearance in a 2-0 Yankees win over the Indians.
1954 – At the height of McCarthyism, President Eisenhower signed the Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party.
1956 – Little Richard plays the Cotton Club in Lubbock, TX, making an indelible impression on audience member Buddy Holly.
1957 – The Dodgers use eight pitchers in one game tying a major league record. Johnny Podres gives up three home runs in the third including Hank Aaron’s first grand slam.
1957 – No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: “Tammy”, Debbie Reynolds. The song is featured in the film “Tammy and the Bachelor” and is nominated for an Academy Award.
1959 – A headline in Billboard reads, “Rock and Roll Ain’t Ready For the Ol’ Rockin’ Chair Yet.” The story says rock & roll was losing popularity a year ago, but the record buyers now like Elvis Presley, Fats Domino and Lloyd Price along with newcomers, the Drifters, Everly Brothers and Ricky Nelson.
1959 – Phil Phillips’ “Sea Of Love” hits #2 on the pop charts.
1959 – Top Hits
“The Three Bells” – The Browns
“Sea of Love” – Phil Phillips
“Lavender-Blue” – Sammy Turner
“Waterloo” – Stonewall Jackson
1959 – The Browns, who were Jim Brown and his sisters Maxine and Bonnie, had the top tune in the US with “The Three Bells”. The record is an English version of a French song originally titled “Les Trois Cloches”, written in 1945.
1959 – In what would eventually lead to construction of Shea Stadium, in Queens, New York City Parks Commissioner Robert Moses allocated $150,000 for a preliminary study on building a stadium.
1959 – Hiram L Fong was sworn in as the first Chinese-American senator while Daniel K Inouye was sworn in as the first Japanese-American Representative, both from Hawaii.
1960 – Birthday of Calvin Edward “Cal” Ripken, Jr., former baseball player, born Havre de Grace, MD. Ripken captured the hearts and attention of Major League fans in 1995 as he neared one of the most revered records in baseball – the 2,130 consecutive games played streak held by Lou Gehrig. On September 6, 1995, Ripken played in his 2,131st consecutive game. The game, televised nationally, was held up for 22 minutes after the game became official in the 5th inning. He was Rookie of the Year in 1982 and a 1983 World Series champion, all of his career having been played with the Baltimore Orioles. Ripken is now very involved in the promotion of youth baseball, being the main sponsor of Cal Ripken Youth Baseball, an alternative to Little League Baseball, as well as running the Collegiate Summer Leagues, throughout the US. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2007.
1961 – No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: “Wooden Heart (Muss I Denn),” Joe Dowell. The song is a cover of a song Elvis Presley sang in the film “G.I. Blues.”
1961 – Satchel Paige, well into his 50’s, signed with Portland of the PCL. In 25 innings for the Beavers, he will have a 2.88 ERA.
1963 – Little Stevie Wonder is the first artist to make the Number One position on the pop single chart, the pop albums chart and the R&B singles chart all at one time. In fact, nobody had made the pop single and album charts at the same time. The music from “Wonder World” is the album, “The Twelve Year- Old-Genius” and the single, “Fingertips, Part Two.”
1963 – The Little League World Series is televised for the first time. With ABC’s Wide World of Sports providing coverage of the championship game, Grenada Hills (CA) beats Stratford (CT), 2-1.
1963 – After a couple of flop singles for smaller record companies, The Ronettes scored their only Top Ten hit with their first effort for Phil Spector, “Be My Baby”. None of their other records, including “Baby I Love You,” “The Best Part of Breaking Up,” “Walking in the Rain” and “Is This What I Get for Loving You?” could crack the US Top 20.
1963 – Darlene Love’s biggest solo hit, “Wait Til’ My Bobby Gets Home” enters the Billboard chart, where it will top out at #26. She had greater success when she sang for The Crystals, The Blossoms and Bob B. Soxx and The Blue Jeans.
1964 – Taking him up on his telegram invitation to help out in any way he can in America, Beatles manager Brian Epstein meets Elvis Presley manager “Colonel” Tom Parker for the first time when they have lunch at the Beverly Hills Hotel.
1964 – “Where Did Our Love Go?” by the Supremes topped the charts and stayed there for 2 weeks.
1966 – The U.S. premiere of the motion picture “Help!”, starring The Beatles, was held for thousands of moviegoers wanting to see the group’s first, color, motion picture. Their first film, “A Hard Day’s Night,” had been produced in black and white.
1967 – Patti Harrison convinces her husband George and the rest of the Beatles to attend a lecture at the Park Lane Hilton given by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. They go and send a note to him requesting a private audience. In the meeting, the Beatles offer themselves as disciples. He accepts and invites them to an indoctrination course for spiritual regeneration two days later. They attend along with Mick Jagger and his girlfriend Marianne Faithfull. Brian Epstein is invited but declines. Afterwards, John Lennon compares the experience as “going somewhere without your trousers.”
1967 – Top Hits
“All You Need is Love” – The Beatles
“Pleasant Valley Sunday” – The Monkees
“Baby I Love You” – Aretha Franklin
“I’ll Never Find Another You” – Sonny James
1967 – Big Brother and the Holding Company, Bo Diddley, Bukka White, and Salvation Army Banned @ The San Francisco Avalon Ballroom
Original Poster by Bob Fried
http://images.wolfgangsvault.com/images/catalog/thumb/FD077-PO.gif
1967 – Keith Moon, drummer for the Who, drives his Lincoln Continental (not a Rolls Royce, as is often thought), into the swimming pool at the Holiday Inn in Flint, MI to celebrate his 21st birthday, earning the entire band a lifetime ban from the chain.
1967 – DAY, GEORGE E., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Colonel (then Major), U.S. Air Force, Forward Air Controller Pilot of an F-100 aircraft. Place and date: North Vietnam, 26 August 1967. Entered service at: Sioux City, Iowa. Born: 24 February 1925, Sioux City, Iowa. Citation: On 26 August 1967, Col. Day was forced to eject from his aircraft over North Vietnam when it was hit by ground fire. His right arm was broken in 3 places, and his left knee was badly sprained. He was immediately captured by hostile forces and taken to a prison camp where he was interrogated and severely tortured. After causing the guards to relax their vigilance, Col. Day escaped into the jungle and began the trek toward South Vietnam. Despite injuries inflicted by fragments of a bomb or rocket, he continued southward surviving only on a few berries and uncooked frogs. He successfully evaded enemy patrols and reached the Ben Hai River, where he encountered U.S. artillery barrages. With the aid of a bamboo log float, Col. Day swam across the river and entered the demilitarized zone. Due to delirium, he lost his sense of direction and wandered aimlessly for several days. After several unsuccessful attempts to signal U.S. aircraft, he was ambushed and recaptured by the Viet Cong, sustaining gunshot wounds to his left hand and thigh. He was returned to the prison from which he had escaped and later was moved to Hanoi after giving his captors false information to questions put before him. Physically, Col. Day was totally debilitated and unable to perform even the simplest task for himself. Despite his many injuries, he continued to offer maximum resistance. His personal bravery in the face of deadly enemy pressure was significant in saving the lives of fellow aviators who were still flying against the enemy. Col. Day’s conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Air Force and reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Armed Forces.
1967 – Abbie Hoffman and the Yippies (Youth International party) temporarily disrupted trading at the NYSE by throwing dollar bills from the viewing gallery, causing trading to cease as brokers scrambled to grab them.
1968 – Lightning struck the Crawford County fairgrounds in northwest Pennsylvania killing two persons and injuring 72 others.
1968 – Steppenwolf’s “Born to Be Wild” hits #2 on the pop chart.
1969 – ANDERSON, RICHARD A., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company E, 3d Reconnaissance Battalion, 3d Marine Division. Place and date: Quang Tri Province, Republic of Vietnam, 24 August 1969. Entered service at: Houston, Tex. Born: 16 April 1948, Washington, D.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an assistant team leader with Company E, in connection with combat operations against an armed enemy. While conducting a patrol during the early morning hours L/Cpl. Anderson’s reconnaissance team came under a heavy volume of automatic weapons and machine gun fire from a numerically superior and well concealed enemy force. Although painfully wounded in both legs and knocked to the ground during the initial moments of the fierce fire fight, L/Cpl. Anderson assumed a prone position and continued to deliver intense suppressive fire in an attempt to repulse the attackers. Moments later he was wounded a second time by an enemy soldier who had approached to within 8 feet of the team’s position. Undaunted, he continued to pour a relentless stream of fire at the assaulting unit, even while a companion was treating his leg wounds. Observing an enemy grenade land between himself and the other marine, L/Cpl. Anderson immediately rolled over and covered the lethal weapon with his body, absorbing the full effects of the detonation. By his indomitable courage, inspiring initiative, and selfless devotion to duty, L/Cpl. Anderson was instrumental in saving several marines from serious injury or possible death. His actions were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
By virtue of an act of Congress approved 24 August 1921, the Medal of Honor, emblem of highest ideals and virtues is bestowed in the name of the Congress of the United States upon the unknown American, typifying the gallantry and intrepidity, at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, of our beloved heroes who made the supreme sacrifice in the World War. They died in order that others might live (293.8, A.G:O.) (War Department General Orders, No. 59, 13 Dec. 1921, sec. I).
1969 – Three-day Wild West Festival at Kezar Stadium in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco with Janis Joplin, Turk Murphy, Jefferson Airplane, the Dead, Country Joe, Santana, Sly and the Family Stone and the Youngbloods.
1969 – Arlo Guthrie’s movie, “Alice’s Restaurant” opens in New York and Los Angeles.
1969 – John Lennon writes “Cold Turkey”, a song about kicking his heroin addiction. He rehearsed the song all afternoon and recorded it that evening with the help of Ringo Starr and Klaus Voorman. When it was released, critics hated it and the BBC refused to play it, yet somehow it still made the UK Top 20 and the US Top 30.
1970 – “Make It with You” by Bread topped the charts and stayed there for a week.
1971 – Ernie Banks hits his final home run of his career as the Cubs beat the Reds, 5-4. Mr. Cub’s 512th home run comes in the first inning off Jim McGlothlin.
1971 – Illinois State Attorney Edward Hanrahan and 13 police officers and police officials are indicted on charges of conspiring to obstruct justice by attempting to thwart criminal prosecution of 8 Chicago patrolmen who raided the apartment of Fred Hampton. This follows August 21 when Panther George Jackson is killed in San Quentin prison during an abortive breakout attempt (three prisoners and three guards are killed in the attempt. Six prisoners are subsequently put on trial for the incident (Fleeta Drumgo, David Johnson, Hugo L.A. Pinell (Yogi), Luis Talamantez, Johnny Spain, and Willie Sundiata Tate). Spain was convicted of murder. The others were either acquitted or convicted of assault. In a side to this story: white attorney Stephen M. Bingham is officially charged with murder in deaths of 2 convicts and 3 guards at San Quentin. Bingham is charged with smuggling guns to George Jackson used in an August 21, 1971 San Quentin breakout attempt. Bingham subsequently flees the country, returning in 1984 to face charges. He was acquitted of murder and conspiracy in 1986.
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/chronicle/archive/2001/08/19/CM145760.DTL
1973 – No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: “Brother Louie”, Stories.
1974 – Santana’s “Greatest Hits” LP enters the charts.
1975 – Top Hits
“Fallin’ in Love” – Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
“One of These Nights” – Eagles
“Get Down Tonight” – K.C. & The Sunshine Band
“Rhinestone Cowboy” – Glen Campbell
1975 – Los Angeles Dodger Davey Lopes set a Major League record when he stole his 38th consecutive base. It was in the 12th inning of a game against the Montreal Expos that Lopes got his famous steal. The Dodgers still lost in 14 innings, 5- 3.
1978 – Bruce Springsteen appears on the cover of “Rolling Stone.”
1979 – The Cars perform at New York’s Central Park for an audience of a half million people
1981 – Mark David Chapman was sentenced from 20 years to life imprisonment for his self-admitted murder of former Beatle John Lennon.
1985 – Huey Lewis and The News reached the top of the charts with “The Power of Love”. The song spent 2 weeks at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.
1983 – Top Hits
“Every Breath You Take” – The Police
“Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)” – Eurythmics
“She Works Hard for the Money” – Donna Summer
“Love Song” – The Oak Ridge Boys
1983 – The Orioles’’ Tippy Martinez picked off three runners in the 10th inning as the Blue Jays took long leads trying to take advantage of his new battery mate, Lenn Sakata, an infielder with no professional catching experience pressed into service behind the plate. The converted catcher got revenge as his three-run homer in the bottom of the frame won the game, 7-4.
1985 – Dwight Gooden of the New York Mets became the youngest pitcher to win 20 games in a season. Gooden defeated the San Diego Padres, 9-3. He was 20 years, nine months and nine days old.
1987 – Autumn-like weather prevailed across the north central and northeastern U.S. Seven cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Saint Cloud, MN with a low of 37 degrees. Temperatures in Florida soared to 98 degrees at Pensacola and 99 degrees at Jacksonville. Thunderstorms produced heavy rain in the Southern High Plains Region, with 5.40 inches at Union, NM, and 7.25 inches reported west of Anthony, NM
1987 – “Who’s That Girl” by Madonna topped the charts and stayed there for a week
1987 – Donny Osmond released “I’m In It For Love,” his first single in 10 years. The record did not crack the Billboard Top 40, but Donny would be back with “Soldier of Love,” which reached #2 in 1989.
1989 – Pete Rose is banned from baseball for life by Commissioner Bart Giamatti for gambling, after weeks of legal wrangling. Although the 5-page document signed by both parties includes no formal findings, Giamatti says that he considers Rose’s acceptance of the ban to be a no-contest plea to the charges. Rose was permitted to withdraw permanently from baseball rather than face further punishment. Eight days later, Giamatti (b. 1938) died of a heart attack.
1991 – Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers’ “Learning to Fly” hits #28 on the pop singles chart.
1991 – Top Hits
“(Everything I Do) I Do It for You” – Bryan Adams
“It Ain’t Over ‘til It’s Over” – Lanny Kravitz
“Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave)” – Roxette
“You Know Me Better Than That” – George Strait
1992 – “End of the Road (From Boomerang)” by Boyz II Men topped the charts and stayed there for 13 weeks.
1992 – Hurricane Andrew, category 5, flattened Homestead, FL in one of the US’ worst.
1996 – The New York Yankees dedicated a monument to the late Mickey Mantle at Monument Park in Yankee Stadium. The new monument joined three others honoring Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig and Miller Huggins. Mantle died August 13, 1995.
1999 – Mariner Ken Griffey Jr. joins Babe Ruth, Ralph Kiner, Duke Snider, Ernie Banks, Harmon Killebrew and Mark McGwire as the only players to hit 40 homers in four consecutive seasons.
2006 – Hall of Famer Jerry Rice, according to ESPN, the greatest player in NFL history, officially retired after 21 years.
2007 – Mark Lindsay of Paul Revere and the Raiders opens Mark Lindsay’s Rock And Roll Cafe in his native Portland, OR.
2008 – Scoring at least one run in every inning, Hawaii wins the Little League World Series beating Mexico, 12-3. To advance to the championship game, Waipahu scored six runs in the last inning (sixth), overcoming a four-run deficit, to beat Lake Charles, Louisiana in the semi-finals, 7-5.
2011 – Suffering from the debilitating illness that would eventually take his life, Steve Jobs stepped down as Apple CEO in favor of Tim Cook.
2014 – A 6.0 magnitude earthquake struck Napa, CA, the largest earthquake to strike northern California since the 1989 Loma Prieta quake.

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